出典: 近畿大学 2017年度（平成29年度）推薦入試（一般公募）11月20日実施分 Ⅶ
Most movies have between 40 and 75 minutes of music, but we do not usually notice the music. Why not? Because the music and the action in the movie fit perfectly.
The movie director and the music composer work together to make the music and the movie match. First, the director makes the movie. Then the director and the composer talk about every scene and character. The composer writes or chooses music for each scene in the movie. When the music does not fit the scene perfectly, the director cuts or changes parts of the scene. This way, the music matches the action in the movie perfectly.
Music does many things for movies. First of all, it tells you the time and place of the movie. For example, a movie in downtown Hong Kong might play popular Chinese music. A movie in the U.S. in the 1960s might play rock ’n’ roll. The music tells you where and when the movie takes place. The music also tells you the level of action in a scene. A scene with lots of action has fast and loud music. A slow scene has slow and gentle music. The music matches the speed of the scene.
The composer carefully chooses the musical instruments in order to let us know how people feel in each scene. Usually, sad scenes use string instruments. Scenes about war use brass instruments. Scenes that are tense use percussion instruments.
Sometimes the music also explains how the characters in the movie grow and change. In some movies, the composer writes a piece of music for the main characters in the movie. We hear that piece of music every time the character is in a scene. This music can change as the character changes. For example, in the movie Star Wars , the music for the character of Luke Skywalker changes as he grows up. When Luke is a young boy, his music uses string instruments. When Luke grows up into a strong man, his music is played with a large number of instruments including a lot of brass instruments.
Music is an important part of the movie experience. The next time you go to the movies, be sure to notice the music. Think about the meaning of the music, and remember all the work that went into choosing and making it.
ア. Because the music and movie scenes blend together so well, people often become unaware of the music in the background.
イ. The majority of movies have at least an hour and a half of music.
ウ. There is so little music used in movies that viewers hardly pay attention to it.
エ. When there is a lot of action in movies, people do not hear the music.
ア. The composer asks the director to modify parts of the music so that it fits the director’s wishes.
イ. The composer instructs the director to alter scenes from the movie when they do not fit the music.
ウ. The director changes the music that the composer writes for the movie.
エ. The director edits the movie to ensure that the music fits it perfectly.
ア. The composer and the director carefully collaborate about each part of the movie and its corresponding music.
イ. The composer and the director have insufficient communication about the movie’s scenes and characters.
ウ. The composer writes the music first, and then the director chooses music to fit the scene.
エ. The director writes and chooses music for each scene of the movie.
ア. By manipulating the level of action in a scene, the effect created by the music can be enhanced.
イ. Music in movies expresses the amount of action there is in a specific scene.
ウ. The kind of music used in movies communicates the time period in which the story takes place.
エ. The tempo of the music used in movies is typically in harmony with the speed of the scene.
ア. Characters’ emotions in movie scenes are strategically highlighted by the use of certain musical instruments.
イ. Drums are the most appropriate type of instrument for sorrowful scenes in movies.
ウ. Trumpets, trombones, and French horns are frequently used to express characters’ feelings of sadness in movies.
エ. Violins, violas, and cellos are considered suitable instruments for combat scenes in movies.
ア. Even when the main character undergoes a transformation during the movie, the way the music is played remains the same.
イ. In Star Wars, brass instruments were used in the movie’s music played when Luke Skywalker was a young boy.
ウ. Luke Skywalker’s character grows because the types of musical instruments that are used change.
エ. Sometimes in movies, the same piece of music is played every time the main character appears in a scene.
ア. Most movies have a little less than three quarters of an hour to an hour and 15 minutes of music.
イ. Sometimes, parts of scenes in movies are altered so that they accord with the music.
ウ. The director, together with the composer, writes pieces of music that fit the movie perfectly.
エ. It is possible that a movie which takes place in America in the 60s will play rock music from that era.
オ. In Star Wars, different instruments were chosen for the music to match the growth of the main character.
カ. Although music is an integral part of movies, it is hardly worth the audience’s attention.
キ. When you go to the movie theater, you should remember all the effort that was put into the music for movies.